Endothelin-1 (ET-1) has been proposed as one of the possible mediators of the vasoconstriction seen following ischemia and reperfusion. We investigated the effect of ischemia and reperfusion on the contractile response of canine renal and iliac arteries to the dihydropyridine-type calcium channel agonist (±)Bay K 8644, following subthreshold doses of ET-1. No significant difference in the maximum tension was observed betweeen the ischemic and nonischemic arteries in response to Bay K 8644 in the absence of ET-1. The addition of subthreshold dose of ET-1 (10-10M) resulted in a significant increase in sensitivity to Bay K 8644 in both the ischemic-reperfused and non-ischemic-reperfused arteries, with a 38 fold increase in iliac arteries and about 8 fold increase in the renal arteries. However, the ET-1 potentiated response was enhanced in the ischemic-reperfused in comparison to the non-ischemic-reperfused vessels in the iliac artery. These data suggest that the potentiating mechanism of ET-1 is not only intact, but enhanced in ischemicreperfused vessels. Since the enhanced release of ET-1 in vivo is preceded by ischemia and reperfusion, the vasospastic phenomenon observed following these events could well be mediated by ET-1.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)