Background: There are few controlled studies of the effect of different doses of vitamin D3 on bone mineral density (BMD). Objectives: We conducted a randomized placebo-controlled trial of increasing doses of vitamin D3 in 163 Caucasian and 31 African American women with serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) ≤50 nmol/L. This is an analysis of secondary outcome BMD to see if there is an association between percent change in BMD and dose of vitamin D3. Methods: Participants were randomly assigned to placebo, vitamin D3 400, 800, 1600, 2400, 3200, 4000, or 4800 IU/day; calcium supplements, average 600mg, were given to provide a total calcium intake of 1200 mg/d. The primary outcome was 12-month serum 25OHD level. Analysis methods include ANOVA and Pearson correlations. Results: The mean percent increase (±SD) in BMD at 12 months for all women was small; total body, 0.62% (± 2.72), femoral neck 0.59% (±3.58) and spine 0.43% (±2.80). There was no difference in BMD or serum N-telopeptide in response to vitamin D by dose or race. The increase in total body, spine and hip BMD in elderly women given vitamin D doses between 400 and 4800 IU daily and calcium supplementation is small, unrelated to dose or 12-month serum 25OHD, free 25OHD or 1,25(OH)2D. There was no evidence of a threshold change in BMD with increasing serum 25OHD or free 25OHD in this population. Conclusions: We found no significant effect of daily vitamin D dose ranging from 400 to 4800 IU/day on BMD or serum N-terminal telopeptides in elderly women with initially low serum 25OHD.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Internal Medicine