Calcium absorption declines with age. Because 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25(OH)2D) is the major hormone controlling calcium absorption, changes in vitamin D metabolism may account for the malabsorption of aging. Serum levels of 1,25(OH)2D have been reported to either decrease or remain unchanged with age. To assess the effect of aging on renal production of 1,25(OH)2D, we evaluated the response of renal 25OHD 1α hydroxylase to human parathyroid hormone (hPTH(1-34) stimulation in 119 women ages 25-83 years. In this population, baseline serum 25OHD and 1,25(OH)2D values did not significantly change with age, but serum iPTH (r = 0.44; p <0.001) and serum creatinine (r = 0.31; p <0.01) increased with age. However, the stimulatory activity of hPTH(1-34) on the renal production of 1,25(OH)2D declined with age (r3 = - 0.36; p <0.001) and was most apparent after age 75, being 50% less than that of younger women. Besides age, the production of 1,25(OH)2D was found to be dependent on baseline serum iPTH (r = -0.31; p <0.0001). Administration of hPTH(1-34) led to suppression of endogenous PTH, and suppressibility of endogenous PTH declined with age (r = 0.53; p <0.0001). The increase in serum PTH and decreased suppressibility of PTH with age could be due to mild secondary hyperparathyroidism. The increase in PTH with age is probably responsible for maintaining normal serum 1,25(OH)2D levels in elderly subjects; however, decreased metabolism of 1,25(OH)2D in the elderly could also maintain normal serum 1,25(OH)2D levels.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine