A laboratory study was conducted to evaluate the bond strength of composite resin bonded to porcelain surfaces by use of a variety of treatment regimens with the All-Bond 2 adhesive system. There were significant differences in the 24-hour bond strengths between several of the surface treatment methods. The mean shear bond strength after 24 hours of water storage ranged from 10.6 ± 2.3 MPa to 25.0 ± 4.4 MPa. Nine of the surface treatment methods showed a significant decrease (p <0.05) in bond strengths after 3 months of water storage and thermocycling. After 3 months, the bond strengths ranged 0.1 ± 0.1 MPa to 17.4 ± 2.0 MPa. Porcelain surface treatment with aluminum oxide air abrasion followed by hydrofluoric acid, a silane coupling agent, and an unfilled resin produced a bond strength after 3 months' water storage and thermocycling that was significantly greater (p <0.05) than the other nine porcelain surface-treatment techniques. Visual examination of the debonded specimens generally showed cohesive failures in porcelain for the treatment groups with a mean bond strength above 13 MPa.
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