CONTEXT: Premenopausal women with idiopathic osteoporosis (IOP) have abnormal skeletal microarchitecture and variable tissue-level bone formation rate (BFR). OBJECTIVES: Compare 6 months (M) of teriparatide versus placebo on areal bone mineral density (aBMD) by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA), bone turnover markers (BTMs) and BFR at 3M by quadruple-labeled transiliac biopsy. Characterize 12M and 24M effects of teriparatide on aBMD and whether BTMs and BFR predict response. DESIGN: 6M phase 2 randomized controlled trial (RCT) followed by open extension. SETTING: Tertiary referral centers. PATIENTS: Premenopausal women with IOP. INTERVENTIONS: A total of 41 women were randomized to either teriparatide 20 mcg (n = 28) or placebo (n = 13). After 6M, those on placebo switched to teriparatide for 24M; those on teriparatide continued for 18M. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: 6M RCT: Between-group differences in lumbar spine (LS) aBMD (percent change from baseline), 3M BFR, and hypercalcemia. Open-label extension: Within-group change in LS aBMD over 12M and 24M. Secondary outcomes included aBMD change at other sites and relationship between BTMs, BFR, and changes in aBMD. FINDINGS: Over 6M, LS aBMD increased by 5.5% (95% CI: 3.83, 7.19) in teriparatide and 1.5% (95% CI: -0.73, 3.83) in placebo (P = 0.007). There were increases in 3M BTMs, and BFR (cancellous and endocortical BFR: between-groups P = 0.004). Over 24M, teriparatide increased LS aBMD by 13.2% (95% CI: 10.3, 16.2), total hip by 5.2% (95% CI: 3.7, 6.7) and femoral neck by 5.0% (95% CI: 3.2, 6.7; all P ≤ 0.001). Serum N-terminal propeptides of procollagen type 1 (P1NP) and 3M endocortical BFR were moderately associated with LS aBMD response. Teriparatide was well-tolerated. CONCLUSIONS: Teriparatide increased BFR and formation markers and was associated with marked aBMD improvements in most premenopausal women (82%) with IOP.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism|
|State||Published - Oct 1 2020|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical