Effects of polishing bur application force and reuse on sintered zirconia surface topography

N. G. Fischer, A. Tsujimoto, Andrew Baruth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Objective: Limited information is available on how to polish and finish zirconia surfaces following computer-Aided design/computeraided manufacturing (CAD/CAM), specifically, how differing application forces and reuse of zirconia polishing systems affect zirconia topography. Purpose: To determine the effect of differing, clinically relevant, polishing application forces and multiple usages of polishing burs on the surface topography of CAD/CAM zirconia. Methods: One hundred twenty 220-grit carbide finished zirconia disks were sintered according to manufacturer's directions and divided into two groups for the study of two coarse polishing bur types. Each group was divided into subgroups for polishing (15,000 rpm) at 15 seconds for 1.0 N, 4.5 N, or 11 N of force using a purpose-built fixture. Subgroups were further divided to study the effects of polishing for the first, fifth, 15th, and 30th bur use, simulating clinical procedures. Unpolished surfaces served as a control group. Surfaces were imaged with noncontact optical profilometry (OP) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) to measure average roughness values (Ra). Polishing burs were optically examined for wear. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was performed on burs and zirconia surfaces. One-way ANOVA with post hoc Tukey HSD (honest significant difference) tests (α=0.05) were used for statistical analyses. Results: AFM and OP Ra values of all polished surfaces were significantly lower than those of the unpolished control. Different polishing forces and bur reuse showed no significant differences in AFM Ra. However, significant differences in OP Ra were found due to differing application forces and bur reuse between the first and subsequent uses. SEM and optical micrographs revealed notable bur wear, increasing with increasing reuse. SEM and AFM micrographs clearly showed polished, periodic zirconia surfaces. Nanoscale topography, as analyzed with kurtosis and average groove depth, was found dependent on the specific polishing bur type. Conclusions: These in vitro results suggest changes in OP Ra due to bur reuse and polishing application force. Within the parameters of this study, the resultant topography of zirconia polishing is force-dependent and the reuse of coarse polishing burs is possible without statistically significant differences in Ra values after initial use. Nanoscale and microscale topography were shown to depend on specific polishing bur type.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)437-446
Number of pages10
JournalOperative Dentistry
Volume43
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2018

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Atomic Force Microscopy
Electron Scanning Microscopy
Computer-Aided Design
Industrial Oils
zirconium oxide
Analysis of Variance
Control Groups

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dentistry(all)

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Effects of polishing bur application force and reuse on sintered zirconia surface topography. / Fischer, N. G.; Tsujimoto, A.; Baruth, Andrew.

In: Operative Dentistry, Vol. 43, No. 4, 01.07.2018, p. 437-446.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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