Employee Attachment

Implications for Supervisor Trustworthiness and Trust

Michael Lance Frazier, Janaki Gooty, Laura M. Little, Debra L. Nelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of adult attachment on perceptions of trustworthiness and trust in one’s supervisor. Specifically, we cast trustworthiness perceptions as the cognitive mechanisms by which attachment influences trust, which then influenced work outcomes. Design/methodology/approach: Data on attachment, trustworthiness, and trust were obtained from employees, and performance ratings were provided by the employees’ direct supervisor (n = 353, 157 supervisors). Findings: Secure and counterdependent attachment had a significant impact on trustworthiness perceptions, and secure attachment was also significantly related to trust, even in the presence of trustworthiness perceptions. Overdependent attachment had no significant influence on trustworthiness or trust perceptions. Implications: Adult attachment influences one’s regulatory processes in interpersonal relationships and will certainly influence trust in one’s supervisor. Understanding the process by which attachment influences trust in one’s supervisor via trustworthiness perceptions provides a more comprehensive picture of how trust develops. This study provides evidence that adult attachment influences trustworthiness and trust simultaneously, which may be helpful in the selection process but also in managing the interpersonal aspect of the employee–supervisor relationship. Originality/value: Though trust has been linked to attachment in the literature, no research has examined adult attachment and its influence on trustworthiness perceptions. Our paper provides an examination of attachment and its role in a comprehensive model of interpersonal trust. In addition, we examine attachments influence on trustworthiness and trust beyond the influence of propensity to trust, a commonly studied dispositional variable in the trust literature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)373-386
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Business and Psychology
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Employees
Supervisors
Trustworthiness
Research
Interpersonal relationships
Selection process
Work outcomes
Performance ratings
Propensity
Design methodology
Interpersonal trust

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Business and International Management
  • Psychology(all)
  • Applied Psychology
  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)

Cite this

Employee Attachment : Implications for Supervisor Trustworthiness and Trust. / Frazier, Michael Lance; Gooty, Janaki; Little, Laura M.; Nelson, Debra L.

In: Journal of Business and Psychology, Vol. 30, No. 2, 01.06.2015, p. 373-386.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Frazier, Michael Lance ; Gooty, Janaki ; Little, Laura M. ; Nelson, Debra L. / Employee Attachment : Implications for Supervisor Trustworthiness and Trust. In: Journal of Business and Psychology. 2015 ; Vol. 30, No. 2. pp. 373-386.
@article{8c0ef07d76a94c6da974bfe5479d00e7,
title = "Employee Attachment: Implications for Supervisor Trustworthiness and Trust",
abstract = "Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of adult attachment on perceptions of trustworthiness and trust in one’s supervisor. Specifically, we cast trustworthiness perceptions as the cognitive mechanisms by which attachment influences trust, which then influenced work outcomes. Design/methodology/approach: Data on attachment, trustworthiness, and trust were obtained from employees, and performance ratings were provided by the employees’ direct supervisor (n = 353, 157 supervisors). Findings: Secure and counterdependent attachment had a significant impact on trustworthiness perceptions, and secure attachment was also significantly related to trust, even in the presence of trustworthiness perceptions. Overdependent attachment had no significant influence on trustworthiness or trust perceptions. Implications: Adult attachment influences one’s regulatory processes in interpersonal relationships and will certainly influence trust in one’s supervisor. Understanding the process by which attachment influences trust in one’s supervisor via trustworthiness perceptions provides a more comprehensive picture of how trust develops. This study provides evidence that adult attachment influences trustworthiness and trust simultaneously, which may be helpful in the selection process but also in managing the interpersonal aspect of the employee–supervisor relationship. Originality/value: Though trust has been linked to attachment in the literature, no research has examined adult attachment and its influence on trustworthiness perceptions. Our paper provides an examination of attachment and its role in a comprehensive model of interpersonal trust. In addition, we examine attachments influence on trustworthiness and trust beyond the influence of propensity to trust, a commonly studied dispositional variable in the trust literature.",
author = "Frazier, {Michael Lance} and Janaki Gooty and Little, {Laura M.} and Nelson, {Debra L.}",
year = "2015",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s10869-014-9367-4",
language = "English",
volume = "30",
pages = "373--386",
journal = "Journal of Business and Psychology",
issn = "0889-3268",
publisher = "Kluwer Academic/Human Sciences Press Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Employee Attachment

T2 - Implications for Supervisor Trustworthiness and Trust

AU - Frazier, Michael Lance

AU - Gooty, Janaki

AU - Little, Laura M.

AU - Nelson, Debra L.

PY - 2015/6/1

Y1 - 2015/6/1

N2 - Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of adult attachment on perceptions of trustworthiness and trust in one’s supervisor. Specifically, we cast trustworthiness perceptions as the cognitive mechanisms by which attachment influences trust, which then influenced work outcomes. Design/methodology/approach: Data on attachment, trustworthiness, and trust were obtained from employees, and performance ratings were provided by the employees’ direct supervisor (n = 353, 157 supervisors). Findings: Secure and counterdependent attachment had a significant impact on trustworthiness perceptions, and secure attachment was also significantly related to trust, even in the presence of trustworthiness perceptions. Overdependent attachment had no significant influence on trustworthiness or trust perceptions. Implications: Adult attachment influences one’s regulatory processes in interpersonal relationships and will certainly influence trust in one’s supervisor. Understanding the process by which attachment influences trust in one’s supervisor via trustworthiness perceptions provides a more comprehensive picture of how trust develops. This study provides evidence that adult attachment influences trustworthiness and trust simultaneously, which may be helpful in the selection process but also in managing the interpersonal aspect of the employee–supervisor relationship. Originality/value: Though trust has been linked to attachment in the literature, no research has examined adult attachment and its influence on trustworthiness perceptions. Our paper provides an examination of attachment and its role in a comprehensive model of interpersonal trust. In addition, we examine attachments influence on trustworthiness and trust beyond the influence of propensity to trust, a commonly studied dispositional variable in the trust literature.

AB - Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of adult attachment on perceptions of trustworthiness and trust in one’s supervisor. Specifically, we cast trustworthiness perceptions as the cognitive mechanisms by which attachment influences trust, which then influenced work outcomes. Design/methodology/approach: Data on attachment, trustworthiness, and trust were obtained from employees, and performance ratings were provided by the employees’ direct supervisor (n = 353, 157 supervisors). Findings: Secure and counterdependent attachment had a significant impact on trustworthiness perceptions, and secure attachment was also significantly related to trust, even in the presence of trustworthiness perceptions. Overdependent attachment had no significant influence on trustworthiness or trust perceptions. Implications: Adult attachment influences one’s regulatory processes in interpersonal relationships and will certainly influence trust in one’s supervisor. Understanding the process by which attachment influences trust in one’s supervisor via trustworthiness perceptions provides a more comprehensive picture of how trust develops. This study provides evidence that adult attachment influences trustworthiness and trust simultaneously, which may be helpful in the selection process but also in managing the interpersonal aspect of the employee–supervisor relationship. Originality/value: Though trust has been linked to attachment in the literature, no research has examined adult attachment and its influence on trustworthiness perceptions. Our paper provides an examination of attachment and its role in a comprehensive model of interpersonal trust. In addition, we examine attachments influence on trustworthiness and trust beyond the influence of propensity to trust, a commonly studied dispositional variable in the trust literature.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84939898032&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84939898032&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10869-014-9367-4

DO - 10.1007/s10869-014-9367-4

M3 - Article

VL - 30

SP - 373

EP - 386

JO - Journal of Business and Psychology

JF - Journal of Business and Psychology

SN - 0889-3268

IS - 2

ER -