Enhanced blocking temperature and isothermal control of hysteresis loop shifts in Co/NiO/[Co/Pt] heterostructures with orthogonal easy axes

Andrew Baruth, S. Adenwalla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Heterostructures of Co 4 nm/NiO 1.1 nm/[Co 0.4 nm/Pt 0.6 nm] with mutually orthogonal easy axes allow for isothermal tuning of the hysteresis loop shifts along the applied field axis at room temperature, as well as displaying a greatly enhanced blocking temperature. The loop shifts can be varied up to 35 Oe through the application of moderate dc magnetic fields of 3 kOe. The presence of the [Co/Pt] multilayer with perpendicular anisotropy is responsible for a significant enhancement of the blocking temperature. For this thickness of NiO, the blocking temperature is expected to be well below 50 K, in contrast to the observed blocking temperature of 225 K. These effects may be tailored by a judicious choice of materials. The dependence of the loop shift on applied field will vary depending on the coercivity and remanance of the ferromagnetic layers. The enhancement of the blocking temperature is highly dependent on the in-plane and out-of-plane anisotropy constants of the intervening antiferromagnet. Both effects are directly relevant to a variety of modern spintronic applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number174407
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume78
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 6 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

temperature control
Hysteresis loops
Heterojunctions
hysteresis
shift
Temperature
temperature
Anisotropy
anisotropy
augmentation
Magnetoelectronics
coercivity
Coercive force
tuning
Multilayers
Tuning
Magnetic fields
room temperature
magnetic fields

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Cite this

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title = "Enhanced blocking temperature and isothermal control of hysteresis loop shifts in Co/NiO/[Co/Pt] heterostructures with orthogonal easy axes",
abstract = "Heterostructures of Co 4 nm/NiO 1.1 nm/[Co 0.4 nm/Pt 0.6 nm] with mutually orthogonal easy axes allow for isothermal tuning of the hysteresis loop shifts along the applied field axis at room temperature, as well as displaying a greatly enhanced blocking temperature. The loop shifts can be varied up to 35 Oe through the application of moderate dc magnetic fields of 3 kOe. The presence of the [Co/Pt] multilayer with perpendicular anisotropy is responsible for a significant enhancement of the blocking temperature. For this thickness of NiO, the blocking temperature is expected to be well below 50 K, in contrast to the observed blocking temperature of 225 K. These effects may be tailored by a judicious choice of materials. The dependence of the loop shift on applied field will vary depending on the coercivity and remanance of the ferromagnetic layers. The enhancement of the blocking temperature is highly dependent on the in-plane and out-of-plane anisotropy constants of the intervening antiferromagnet. Both effects are directly relevant to a variety of modern spintronic applications.",
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AU - Baruth, Andrew

AU - Adenwalla, S.

PY - 2008/11/6

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N2 - Heterostructures of Co 4 nm/NiO 1.1 nm/[Co 0.4 nm/Pt 0.6 nm] with mutually orthogonal easy axes allow for isothermal tuning of the hysteresis loop shifts along the applied field axis at room temperature, as well as displaying a greatly enhanced blocking temperature. The loop shifts can be varied up to 35 Oe through the application of moderate dc magnetic fields of 3 kOe. The presence of the [Co/Pt] multilayer with perpendicular anisotropy is responsible for a significant enhancement of the blocking temperature. For this thickness of NiO, the blocking temperature is expected to be well below 50 K, in contrast to the observed blocking temperature of 225 K. These effects may be tailored by a judicious choice of materials. The dependence of the loop shift on applied field will vary depending on the coercivity and remanance of the ferromagnetic layers. The enhancement of the blocking temperature is highly dependent on the in-plane and out-of-plane anisotropy constants of the intervening antiferromagnet. Both effects are directly relevant to a variety of modern spintronic applications.

AB - Heterostructures of Co 4 nm/NiO 1.1 nm/[Co 0.4 nm/Pt 0.6 nm] with mutually orthogonal easy axes allow for isothermal tuning of the hysteresis loop shifts along the applied field axis at room temperature, as well as displaying a greatly enhanced blocking temperature. The loop shifts can be varied up to 35 Oe through the application of moderate dc magnetic fields of 3 kOe. The presence of the [Co/Pt] multilayer with perpendicular anisotropy is responsible for a significant enhancement of the blocking temperature. For this thickness of NiO, the blocking temperature is expected to be well below 50 K, in contrast to the observed blocking temperature of 225 K. These effects may be tailored by a judicious choice of materials. The dependence of the loop shift on applied field will vary depending on the coercivity and remanance of the ferromagnetic layers. The enhancement of the blocking temperature is highly dependent on the in-plane and out-of-plane anisotropy constants of the intervening antiferromagnet. Both effects are directly relevant to a variety of modern spintronic applications.

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