Erratum: Collision-energy dependence of second-order off-diagonal and diagonal cumulants of net-charge, net-proton, and net-kaon multiplicity distributions in Au + Au collisions (Physical Review C (2019) 100 (014902) DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.100.014902)

J. Adam, L. Adamczyk, J. R. Adams, J. K. Adkins, G. Agakishiev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, I. Alekseev, D. M. Anderson, R. Aoyama, A. Aparin, D. Arkhipkin, E. C. Aschenauer, M. U. Ashraf, F. Atetalla, A. Attri, G. S. Averichev, V. Bairathi, K. Barish, A. J. BassillA. Behera, R. Bellwied, A. Bhasin, A. K. Bhati, J. Bielcik, J. Bielcikova, L. C. Bland, I. G. Bordyuzhin, J. D. Brandenburg, A. V. Brandin, J. Bryslawskyj, I. Bunzarov, J. Butterworth, H. Caines, M. Calderón De La Barca Sánchez, D. Cebra, I. Chakaberia, P. Chaloupka, B. K. Chan, F. H. Chang, Z. Chang, N. Chankova-Bunzarova, A. Chatterjee, S. Chattopadhyay, J. H. Chen, X. Chen, J. Cheng, M. Cherney, W. Christie, H. J. Crawford, M. Csanád, S. Das, T. G. Dedovich, I. M. Deppner, A. A. Derevschikov, L. Didenko, C. Dilks, X. Dong, J. L. Drachenberg, J. C. Dunlop, T. Edmonds, N. Elsey, J. Engelage, G. Eppley, R. Esha, S. Esumi, O. Evdokimov, J. Ewigleben, O. Eyser, R. Fatemi, S. Fazio, P. Federic, J. Fedorisin, Y. Feng, P. Filip, E. Finch, Y. Fisyak, L. Fulek, C. A. Gagliardi, T. Galatyuk, F. Geurts, A. Gibson, D. Grosnick, A. Gupta, W. Guryn, A. I. Hamad, A. Hamed, J. W. Harris, L. He, S. Heppelmann, S. Heppelmann, N. Herrmann, L. Holub, Y. Hong, S. Horvat, B. Huang, H. Z. Huang, S. L. Huang, T. Huang, X. Huang, T. J. Humanic, P. Huo, G. Igo, W. W. Jacobs, A. Jentsch, J. Jia, K. Jiang, S. Jowzaee, X. Ju, E. G. Judd, S. Kabana, S. Kagamaster, D. Kalinkin, K. Kang, D. Kapukchyan, K. Kauder, H. W. Ke, D. Keane, A. Kechechyan, M. Kelsey, Y. V. Khyzhniak, D. P. Kikoła, C. Kim, T. A. Kinghorn, I. Kisel, A. Kisiel, M. Kocan, L. Kochenda, L. K. Kosarzewski, L. Kramarik, P. Kravtsov, K. Krueger, N. Kulathunga Mudiyanselage, L. Kumar, R. Kunnawalkam Elayavalli, J. H. Kwasizur, R. Lacey, J. M. Landgraf, J. Lauret, A. Lebedev, R. Lednicky, J. H. Lee, C. Li, W. Li, W. Li, X. Li, Y. Li, Y. Liang, R. Licenik, T. Lin, A. Lipiec, M. A. Lisa, F. Liu, H. Liu, P. Liu, P. Liu, T. Liu, X. Liu, Y. Liu, Z. Liu, T. Ljubicic, W. J. Llope, M. Lomnitz, R. S. Longacre, S. Luo, X. Luo, G. L. Ma, L. Ma, R. Ma, Y. G. Ma, N. Magdy, R. Majka, D. Mallick, S. Margetis, C. Markert, H. S. Matis, O. Matonoha, J. A. Mazer, K. Meehan, J. C. Mei, N. G. Minaev, S. Mioduszewski, D. Mishra, B. Mohanty, M. M. Mondal, I. Mooney, Z. Moravcova, D. A. Morozov, Md Nasim, K. Nayak, T. K. Nayak, J. M. Nelson, D. B. Nemes, M. Nie, G. Nigmatkulov, T. Niida, L. V. Nogach, T. Nonaka, G. Odyniec, A. Ogawa, K. Oh, S. Oh, V. A. Okorokov, B. S. Page, R. Pak, Y. Panebratsev, B. Pawlik, D. Pawlowska, H. Pei, C. Perkins, R. L. Pintér, J. Pluta, J. Porter, M. Posik, N. K. Pruthi, M. Przybycien, J. Putschke, A. Quintero, S. K. Radhakrishnan, S. Ramachandran, R. L. Ray, R. Reed, H. G. Ritter, J. B. Roberts, O. V. Rogachevskiy, J. L. Romero, L. Ruan, J. Rusnak, O. Rusnakova, N. R. Sahoo, P. K. Sahu, S. Salur, J. Sandweiss, J. Schambach, W. B. Schmidke, N. Schmitz, B. R. Schweid, F. Seck, J. Seger, M. Sergeeva, R. Seto, P. Seyboth, N. Shah, E. Shahaliev, P. V. Shanmuganathan, M. Shao, F. Shen, W. Q. Shen, S. S. Shi, Q. Y. Shou, E. P. Sichtermann, S. Siejka, R. Sikora, M. Simko, J. Singh, S. Singha, D. Smirnov, N. Smirnov, W. Solyst, P. Sorensen, H. M. Spinka, B. Srivastava, T. D.S. Stanislaus, M. Stefaniak, D. J. Stewart, M. Strikhanov, B. Stringfellow, A. A.P. Suaide, T. Sugiura, M. Sumbera, B. Summa, X. M. Sun, Y. Sun, Y. Sun, B. Surrow, D. N. Svirida, P. Szymanski, A. H. Tang, Z. Tang, A. Taranenko, T. Tarnowsky, J. H. Thomas, A. R. Timmins, D. Tlusty, T. Todoroki, M. Tokarev, C. A. Tomkiel, S. Trentalange, R. E. Tribble, P. Tribedy, S. K. Tripathy, O. D. Tsai, B. Tu, T. Ullrich, D. G. Underwood, I. Upsal, G. Van Buren, J. Vanek, A. N. Vasiliev, I. Vassiliev, F. Videbæk, S. Vokal, S. A. Voloshin, F. Wang, G. Wang, P. Wang, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, J. C. Webb, L. Wen, G. D. Westfall, H. Wieman, S. W. Wissink, R. Witt, Y. Wu, Z. G. Xiao, G. Xie, W. Xie, H. Xu, N. Xu, Q. H. Xu, Y. F. Xu, Z. Xu, C. Yang, Q. Yang, S. Yang, Y. Yang, Z. Ye, Z. Ye, L. Yi, K. Yip, I. K. Yoo, H. Zbroszczyk, W. Zha, D. Zhang, L. Zhang, S. Zhang, S. Zhang, X. P. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Z. Zhang, J. Zhao, C. Zhong, C. Zhou, X. Zhu, Z. Zhu, M. Zurek, M. Zyzak

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debatepeer-review

Abstract

In the original paper, the first measurements of off-diagonal cumulants of net-charge, net-proton (a proxy for the net-baryon), and net-kaon (a proxy for the net-strangeness) were reported using the first phase of beam energy scan (BES-I) data from the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). The second-order mixed-cumulant ratios between net-proton and net-kaon ( Cp,k=s1,1p,k/s2k) at different collision energies ( vsNN = 7.7–200 GeV) show a good agreement with various model predictions. However, the mixed cumulants between net-charge and net-proton ( CQ,p=s1,1Q,p/s2p), as well as the mixed cumulants between net-charge and net-kaon ( CQ,k=s1,1Q,k/s2k), showed significant deviations from the model predictions. An increasing trend of these ratios as a function of collision energy in 0–5% central events was reported. Triggered by the theory papers [1], we realized that the excess correlations in s1,1Q,p and s1,1Q,k arise due to an artifact of assuming Q and p (or k) to be mutually exclusive variables while correcting for the particle reconstruction efficiency effects. In this erratum, we address this issue. We now present the new observables s1,1p,k, and s1,1p,p that avoid the above assumption. The previously observed increasing trend with energy in s1,1Q,k, and s1,1Q,p is no longer seen in the new observables of s1,1p,k, and s1,1p,p. In the original paper, the efficiency correction for s1,1p,k, s1,1Q,p, and s1,1Q,k was performed using the binomial efficiency correction method [2,3] assuming net-charge, net-proton, and net-kaon are mutually exclusive variables. In that case, the expression for the efficiency correction formula for s1,1Q,p is (Formula Presented) (Figure Presented).We thank V. Vovchenko and V. Koch for pointing out the issues of efficiency correction with off-diagonal cumulants and important discussions. We thank the RHIC Operations Group and RCF at BNL, the NERSC Center at LBNL, and the Open Science Grid consortium for providing resources and support. This work was supported in part by the Office of Nuclear Physics within the U.S. DOE Office of Science, the U.S. National Science Foundation, the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Chinese Academy of Science, the Ministry of Science and Technology of China and the Chinese Ministry of Education, the Higher Education Sprout Project by Ministry of Education at NCKU, the National Research Foundation of Korea, Czech Science Foundation and Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic, Hungarian National Research, Development and Innovation Office, New National Excellency Programme of the Hungarian Ministry of Human Capacities, Department of Atomic Energy and Department of Science and Technology of the Government of India, the National Science Centre of Poland, the Ministry of Science, Education and Sports of the Republic of Croatia, RosAtom of Russia and German Bundesministerium fur Bildung, Wissenschaft, Forschung and Technologie (BMBF), Helmholtz Association, Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology (MEXT), and Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number029901
JournalPhysical Review C
Volume105
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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