Evaluation of a program to improve intermediate diabetes outcomes in rural communities in the Dominican Republic

Henry J. Dethlefs, Elizabeth A. Walker, Clyde B. Schechter, Rachel Dowd, Linda Filipi, Juan Francisco Garcia, Charles Filipi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aims: To describe implementation of diabetes and hypertension program in rural Dominican Republic (DR), and report six years of quality improvement process and health outcomes. Methods: Dominican teams at two clinics are supported by Chronic Care International with: supervision and continuing education, electronic database, diabetes and hypertension protocols, medications, self-management education materials, behavior change techniques, and equipment and testing supplies (e.g., HbA1c, lipids, blood pressure, BMI). A monthly dashboard for care processes and health outcomes guides problem solving and goal setting. Results were analyzed for quality improvement reports and by fitting the clinical data to random-effects linear models. Results: 1191 adults were enrolled in the program at two clinics (44% men, baseline means: 56.4 years, BMI 27.4 kg/m2, HbA1c 8.8% (73 mmol/mol), BP 133/81 mmHg). Data show steady growth in clinic populations reaching capacity. Protocols for comprehensive foot examinations, BP and HbA1c assessments, and proportions reaching quality measures improved over time, especially after clinic goal setting. Modeling of BP, BMI and HbA1c values revealed important differences in outcomes by clinic over time. Conclusions: Improvements in process and health outcomes are attainable in rural DR when medical teams have support and access to data. Scalability and sustainability are continuing goals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)212-221
Number of pages10
JournalDiabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Volume148
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

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