The objective of this investigation was to evaluate an acetic acid ester of monoglycerides made from edible, fully hydrogenated palm oil (AC-70) as a suppository base and compare it with a commercially available semisynthetic base (Suppocire AI). Benzocaine and miconazole were used as model drugs. Suppositories were prepared by the fusion method. The drug loads in the suppositories were kept at 2% to 5% (wt/wt). In vitro release of drug from the suppositories into Sorensen's phosphate buffer (pH 7.4) was studied using a US Pharmacopeia dissolution apparatus 1 and a spectrophotometer. The melting behavior of the bases and the physical state of the drug in the suppositories were studied using a differential scanning calorimeter (DSC). Powder x-ray diffractometry was used to study any possible polymorphic changes in the AC-70 base during formulation and storage. In vitro release studies revealed that the release of benzocaine from the AC-70 suppository was substantially slower than that of the commercial AI base. At a 2.5% (wt/wt) benzocaine load, the release of drug from the AC-70 suppositories was found to be linear. This slow and linear release was attributed to the physical property of the base, which forms liquid crystalline phases in the aqueous dissolution medium. The lyotropic liquid crystalline phase has the ability to incorporate drug into its structure and can control the release kinetics of the drug from such a system. The apparent pH of the release medium (water) was decreased by 1 to 1.5 pH units when the AC-70 base was used. The DSC studies revealed that the melting range of the AC-70 base is 36 degrees C to 38 degrees C, which is ideal for suppository formulations. The results of these studies support the possibility of using this new base for slow-release suppository formulations. This base may be of particular interest for a drug that requires an acidic environment to maintain its activity.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Pharmaceutical Science