Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of periodontal applications of a living tissue-engineered human fibroblast-derived dermal substitute. I. Comparison to the gingival autograft: A randomized controlled pilot study

Michael K. McGuire, Martha E. Nunn

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62 Scopus citations


Background: Periodontists have found the gingival autograft to be an effective and predictable technique to increase the amount of attached gingiva around teeth, but this technique requires the surgeon to harvest donor tissue from a remote surgical site. The present study seeks to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of a tissue-engineered skin equivalent, a living human fibroblast-derived dermal substitute (HF-DDS), compared to a gingival autograft (GA) consisting of donor tissue harvested from the patient's palate in a procedure designed to increase the amount of keratinized tissue around teeth that do not require root coverage. Methods: Twenty-five patients with insufficient attached gingiva associated with at least two teeth in contralateral quadrants of the same jaw were treated. One tooth in each patient was randomized to receive either a GA (control) or a HF-DDS graft (test). Clinical parameters measured at baseline and 3, 5, 7, 9, and 12 months included recession, clinical attachment level, keratinized tissue height, and plaque index. Probing depth was measured at 7, 9, and 12 months. Inflammation of each site was scored and texture and color of the grafted tissue were compared to the surrounding tissue. Resistance to muscle pull was evaluated and a questionnaire was used to determine patient preference. Surgical position of the graft and alveolar bone level were recorded at the surgical visit and patients were evaluated weekly for the first 4 weeks at which time recession and level of oral hygiene were measured. Biopsies and persistence studies were performed on a subset of the patients. Results: Results for both test and control groups were similar for all measured clinical parameters with the exception of amount of keratinized tissue and percent shrinkage of keratinized tissue. The control group exhibited an average of 1.0 to 1.2 mm more keratinized tissue over time than the test group (P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)867-880
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Periodontology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2005
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dentistry(all)

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