An immortalized xeroderma pigmentosum cell line belonging to the complementation group D (XP-D) was transfected with a normal human cDNA clone library constructed in a mammalian expression vector. Following UV-irradiation-selection, a transformant having a stable, partially UV-resistant phenotype was isolated. A transfected cDNA of partial length was rescued from the transformant's cellular DNA by in vitro amplification, using expression-vector specific oligonucleotides as primers in a polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Expression of this cDNA complemented the UV sensitivity of the XP-D cell line to the UV-resistance levels characteristic of the primary transformant. The nucleotide sequence of the cDNA was determined. The deduced protein identified the cDNA as encoding for the beta subunit of casein kinase II (CKII-β). Similar to the effect exerted by the truncated CKII-β cDNA, expression of a cDNA clone encompassing the complete translated region of CKII-β leads to XP-D cells partially resistant to UV-irradiation. However, transfection of CKII-β cDNA could also partially complement the UV-sensitivity of a xeroderma pigmentosum cell line belonging to group C (XP-C). Analysis by Southern, Northern and RNAase mismatch cleavage techniques did not reveal any functional defect in the CKII-β gene of cell lines derived from either 7 XP-D or 10 XP-C families. We therefore consider it unlikely that either the XP-D or the XP-C DNA repair deficiency is associated with a defect in the beta subunit of casein kinase II. Nevertheless, our findings suggest the possibility that the cell's response to DNA damage is modulated by CKII-dependent protein phosphorylation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology