Both Linomide (quinoline-3-carboxamide) and tolerization with self- antigens have been demonstrated to successfully ameliorate demyelinating disease in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). Based on the autoimmune hypothesis of multiple sclerosis (MS), both agents have been tested in clinical trials but have been found to be toxic or not efficacious. We investigated the efficacy of these immunomodulators in an alternative experimental model of MS, a virus-induced demyelinating disease. Oral administration of Linomide to Theiler's virus-infected mice beginning either at time of infection or at day 15 post-infection (p.i.) resulted in an increased percentage of spinal cord quadrants with demyelination. Administration of Linomide beginning at day 15 p.i. increased lesion size as compared to infected control-treated mice. Treatment with 80 mg kg-1 day- 1 of Linomide beginning at the time of infection significantly increased the number of Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus (TMEV)-positive cells mm- 2 of spinal cord white matter. There were no differences in the amount of remyelination between mice treated with Linomide or water. However, chronically infected mice treated with Linomide had severely reduced spontaneous vertical activity as measured using a activity wheel. Oral tolerization of mice with mouse or bovine myelin had no effect on virus- induced demyelination or virus antigen expression. The contrasting results obtained between the TMEV model and the autoimmune model of demyelination do not support recent reports suggesting that the underlying mechanism of demyelination in the Theiler's model is autoimmune.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy
- Clinical Neurology