General parenting strategies

Practical suggestions for common child behavior issues

Michael G. Kavan, Shailendra K. Saxena, Naureen Rafiq

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Parents often seek guidance from physicians on child behavior problems. Questions may range from general parenting strategies to managing specific child behaviors. Physicians and their staff can identify problematic parent-child interactions or behaviors within the office setting and assist parents by providing effective monitoring tools for behavior problems. Effective strategies for influencing a child’s behavior include positive reinforcement to increase appropriate behavior, extinction (planned ignoring) for most low-level problematic behaviors, and time-out from reinforcement for more problematic behaviors. Written contracting provides parents the opportunity to communicate with their children about important behaviors and strengthens the commitment of each party to improve behavior. Parents should be cautioned about the use of punishment (e.g., scolding, taking away privileges or possessions) because it suppresses behavior only temporarily. Physicians should discourage physical or corporal punishment because it is related to negative parent-child relationships, increased aggressiveness, antisocial behavior, lower cognitive ability, lower self-esteem, mental health problems, and increased risk of physical abuse.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)642-648
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Family Physician
Volume97
Issue number10
StatePublished - May 15 2018

Fingerprint

Parenting
Child Behavior
Parents
Punishment
Physicians
Parent-Child Relations
Aptitude
Self Concept
Mental Health

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Family Practice

Cite this

General parenting strategies : Practical suggestions for common child behavior issues. / Kavan, Michael G.; Saxena, Shailendra K.; Rafiq, Naureen.

In: American Family Physician, Vol. 97, No. 10, 15.05.2018, p. 642-648.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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