Generation of Functional Human Retinal Ganglion Cells with Target Specificity from Pluripotent Stem Cells by Chemically Defined Recapitulation of Developmental Mechanism

Pooja Teotia, Divyan A. Chopra, Shashank M. Dravid, Matthew J. Van Hook, Fang Qiu, John Morrison, Angie Rizzino, Iqbal Ahmad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Glaucoma is a complex group of diseases wherein a selective degeneration of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) lead to irreversible loss of vision. A comprehensive approach to glaucomatous RGC degeneration may include stem cells to functionally replace dead neurons through transplantation and understand RGCs vulnerability using a disease in a dish stem cell model. Both approaches require the directed generation of stable, functional, and target-specific RGCs from renewable sources of cells, that is, the embryonic stem cells and induced pluripotent stem cells. Here, we demonstrate a rapid and safe, stage-specific, chemically defined protocol that selectively generates RGCs across species, including human, by recapitulating the developmental mechanism. The de novo generated RGCs from pluripotent cells are similar to native RGCs at the molecular, biochemical, functional levels. They also express axon guidance molecules, and discriminate between specific and nonspecific targets, and are nontumorigenic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalStem Cells
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2016

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Pluripotent Stem Cells
Retinal Ganglion Cells
Stem Cells
Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells
Embryonic Stem Cells
Glaucoma
Transplantation
Neurons

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Generation of Functional Human Retinal Ganglion Cells with Target Specificity from Pluripotent Stem Cells by Chemically Defined Recapitulation of Developmental Mechanism. / Teotia, Pooja; Chopra, Divyan A.; Dravid, Shashank M.; Van Hook, Matthew J.; Qiu, Fang; Morrison, John; Rizzino, Angie; Ahmad, Iqbal.

In: Stem Cells, 2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Teotia, Pooja ; Chopra, Divyan A. ; Dravid, Shashank M. ; Van Hook, Matthew J. ; Qiu, Fang ; Morrison, John ; Rizzino, Angie ; Ahmad, Iqbal. / Generation of Functional Human Retinal Ganglion Cells with Target Specificity from Pluripotent Stem Cells by Chemically Defined Recapitulation of Developmental Mechanism. In: Stem Cells. 2016.
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