Genetics of neural tube defects

Janee Gelineau-Van Waes, Richard H. Finnell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Neural tube defects (NTDs) are common congenital malformations that occur when the embryonic neural tube fails to close properly during early development. Although multifactorial in origin, NTDs appear to have a strong genetic component. Mouse NTD mutants provide useful models for the study of candidate genes involved in neural tube development and closure. Because maternal nutrition, specifically folate supplementation, is a significant modulator of NTD risk, genes involved in folate transport and metabolism are a focus of investigation. In addition, transcription factors, as well as genes involved in mitosis, actin regulation, and methylation appear to be implicated in the causes of NTDs. The heterogeneity of function of candidate genes suggests that alterations in multiple developmental pathways may lead to the same clinical malformation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)160-164
Number of pages5
JournalSeminars in Pediatric Neurology
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Clinical Neurology

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