Glutamate delta-1 receptor (GluD1) is a member of the ionotropic glutamate receptor family expressed at excitatory synapses and functions as a synaptogenic protein by interacting with presynaptic neurexin. We have previously shown that GluD1 plays a role in the maintenance of excitatory synapses in a region-specific manner. Loss of GluD1 leads to reduced excitatory neurotransmission in medium spiny neurons (MSNs) in the dorsal striatum, but not in the ventral striatum (both core and shell of the nucleus accumbens (NAc)). Here, we found that GluD1 loss leads to reduced inhibitory neurotransmission in MSNs of the NAc core as evidenced by a reduction in the miniature inhibitory postsynaptic current frequency and amplitude. Presynaptic effect of GluD1 loss was further supported by an increase in paired pulse ratio of evoked inhibitory responses indicating reduced release probability. Furthermore, analysis of GAD67 puncta indicated a reduction in the number of putative inhibitory terminals. The changes in mIPSC were independent of cannabinoid or dopamine signaling. A role of feed-forward inhibition was tested by selective ablation of GluD1 from PV neurons which produced modest reduction in mIPSCs. Behaviorally, local ablation of GluD1 from NAc led to hypolocomotion and affected anxiety- and depression-like behaviors. When GluD1 was ablated from the dorsal striatum, several behavioral phenotypes were altered in opposite manner compared to GluD1 ablation from NAc. Our findings demonstrate that GluD1 regulates inhibitory neurotransmission in the NAc by a combination of pre- and postsynaptic mechanisms which is critical for motor control and behaviors relevant to neuropsychiatric disorders.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience