Has Evolution in Awareness of Guidelines for Institution of Damage Control Improved Outcome in the Management of the Posttraumatic Open Abdomen?

Juan A. Asensio, Patrizio Petrone, Gustavo Roldán, Eric Kuncir, Emily Ramicone, Linda Chan, William G. Cheadle, Glen A. Franklin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

70 Scopus citations


Hypothesis: Awareness of guidelines for damage control can improve patient outcomes after postraumatic open abdomen. Design: Retrospective (November 1992 to December 1998), prospective (January 1999 to July 2001), 104-month study. Setting: Los Angeles County and University of Southern California Medical Center, Los Angeles. Patients: All patients undergoing damage control resulting in posttraumatic open abdomen. Main Outcome Measures: The main outcome measure was survival. Data were also collected on surgical findings and indications for damage control, including organs injured, intraoperative estimated blood loss, and intraoperative fluids, blood, and blood products administered. Postoperative complications, length of time patients had an open abdomen, and surgical intensive care unit and hospital length of stay were also recorded. Results: No difference in mortality existed between patients admitted before awareness of guidelines (group 1; 21 [24%] of 86 patients died) and patients who underwent damage control following these suggested guidelines (group 2; 13 [24%] of 53 patients died) (P=.85). Of the 139 patients, 100 had penetrating injuries and 39 had blunt injuries. Estimated blood loss was 4764±5349 mL. Mean intraoperative fluid replacement was 22034 mL. One hundred one patients (73%) experienced 228 complications, for a mean of 2.26 complications per patient. Group 1 patients spent a longer time in the operating room (mean, 4.09±1.99 hours; range, 0.4-9.5 hours) vs group 2 patients (mean, 2.34±1.50 hours; range, 0.3-6.2 hours; P

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)209-215
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Surgery
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2004


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

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