High-resolution ultraviolet spectra of the dwarf Seyfert 1 galaxy NGC 4395: Evidence for intrinsic absorption

D. M. Crenshaw, S. B. Kraemer, Jack Gabel, H. R. Schmitt, A. V. Filippenko, L. C. Ho, J. C. Shields, T. J. Turner

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We present ultraviolet spectra of the dwarf Seyfert 1 nucleus of NGC 4395, obtained with the Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer (FUSE) and the Hubble Space Telescope Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph at velocity resolutions of 7-15 km s-1. We confirm our earlier claim of C IV absorption in low-resolution UV spectra and detect a number of other absorption lines with lower ionization potentials. In addition to the Galactic lines, we identify two kinematic components of absorption that are likely to be intrinsic to NGC 4395. We consider possible origins of the absorption, including the interstellar medium (ISM) of NGC 4395, the narrow-line region, the outflowing UV absorbers, and the X-ray "warm absorbers." Component 1, at a radial velocity of -770 km s-1 with respect to the nucleus, is only identified in the C IV λ1548.2 line. It most likely represents an outflowing UV absorber, similar to those seen in a majority of Seyfert 1 galaxies, although additional observations are needed to confirm the reality of this feature. Component 2, at -114 km s-1, most likely arises in the ISM of NGC 4395; its ionic column densities cannot be matched by photoionization models with a power-law continuum. Our models of the highly ionized X-ray absorbers claimed for this active galactic nucleus indicate that they would have undetectable C IV absorption, but large O VI and H I columns should be present. We attribute our lack of detection of the O VI and Lyβ absorption from the X-ray absorbers to a combination of noise and dilution of the nuclear spectrum by hot stars in the large FUSE aperture.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)152-158
Number of pages7
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1 I
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2004
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Crenshaw, D. M., Kraemer, S. B., Gabel, J., Schmitt, H. R., Filippenko, A. V., Ho, L. C., ... Turner, T. J. (2004). High-resolution ultraviolet spectra of the dwarf Seyfert 1 galaxy NGC 4395: Evidence for intrinsic absorption. Astrophysical Journal, 612(1 I), 152-158. https://doi.org/10.1086/422468