Human skin and platelet minoxidil sulfotransferase activities

Biochemical properties, correlations and contribution of thermolabile phenol sulfotransferase

P. E. Kudlacek, Robert J. Anderson, D. K. Liebentritt, G. A. Johnson, Christopher Huerter

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Abstract

Human scalp skin high speed supernatants were used to test whether minoxidil sulfotransferase (MNX-ST) and phenol sulfotransferase (PST) activities were present. Platelet homogenates from the same skin donors were used to test whether levels of sulfotransferase activities in the blood platelet would reflect levels of the enzyme activities in skin, Dopamine, p- nitrophenol and minoxidil were used as substrates for skin and platelet thermolabile (TL PST), thermostable (TS PST) and MNX-ST activities, respectively. Biochemical properties of each skin enzyme were the same as the platelet enzymes with respect to apparent K(m) values for substrates, pH optima, thermal stabilities and responses to inhibition by 2,6-dichloro-4- nitrophenol (DCNP). An unexpected finding was that skin and platelet MNX-ST thermal stabilities and responses to DCNP were more similar to TL PST than to TS PST, the enzyme reported to be responsible for MNX-ST activity. There were significant positive correlations of platelet sulfotransferases with the relative levels of activities of the same skin sulfotransferases. Unexpected findings were significant positive correlations of MNX-ST and TL PST activities. Partially purified platelet TS PST assayed with minoxidil as the substrate showed a response to DCNP and thermal stability that were the same as TS PST. Platelet TL PST assayed with minoxidil showed thermal stability and a response to DCNP that were essentially the same as TL PST. The results indicated that not only TS PST, but also TL PST activities in human skin and platelet contributed to MNX-ST activity. It will be feasible to test whether measures of platelet PST activities will predict physiologic responses to minoxidil.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)582-590
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Volume273
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

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Arylsulfotransferase
Blood Platelets
Skin
Minoxidil
Sulfotransferases
Hot Temperature
Enzymes
minoxidil sulfotransferase
Scalp

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology

Cite this

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title = "Human skin and platelet minoxidil sulfotransferase activities: Biochemical properties, correlations and contribution of thermolabile phenol sulfotransferase",
abstract = "Human scalp skin high speed supernatants were used to test whether minoxidil sulfotransferase (MNX-ST) and phenol sulfotransferase (PST) activities were present. Platelet homogenates from the same skin donors were used to test whether levels of sulfotransferase activities in the blood platelet would reflect levels of the enzyme activities in skin, Dopamine, p- nitrophenol and minoxidil were used as substrates for skin and platelet thermolabile (TL PST), thermostable (TS PST) and MNX-ST activities, respectively. Biochemical properties of each skin enzyme were the same as the platelet enzymes with respect to apparent K(m) values for substrates, pH optima, thermal stabilities and responses to inhibition by 2,6-dichloro-4- nitrophenol (DCNP). An unexpected finding was that skin and platelet MNX-ST thermal stabilities and responses to DCNP were more similar to TL PST than to TS PST, the enzyme reported to be responsible for MNX-ST activity. There were significant positive correlations of platelet sulfotransferases with the relative levels of activities of the same skin sulfotransferases. Unexpected findings were significant positive correlations of MNX-ST and TL PST activities. Partially purified platelet TS PST assayed with minoxidil as the substrate showed a response to DCNP and thermal stability that were the same as TS PST. Platelet TL PST assayed with minoxidil showed thermal stability and a response to DCNP that were essentially the same as TL PST. The results indicated that not only TS PST, but also TL PST activities in human skin and platelet contributed to MNX-ST activity. It will be feasible to test whether measures of platelet PST activities will predict physiologic responses to minoxidil.",
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T1 - Human skin and platelet minoxidil sulfotransferase activities

T2 - Biochemical properties, correlations and contribution of thermolabile phenol sulfotransferase

AU - Kudlacek, P. E.

AU - Anderson, Robert J.

AU - Liebentritt, D. K.

AU - Johnson, G. A.

AU - Huerter, Christopher

PY - 1995

Y1 - 1995

N2 - Human scalp skin high speed supernatants were used to test whether minoxidil sulfotransferase (MNX-ST) and phenol sulfotransferase (PST) activities were present. Platelet homogenates from the same skin donors were used to test whether levels of sulfotransferase activities in the blood platelet would reflect levels of the enzyme activities in skin, Dopamine, p- nitrophenol and minoxidil were used as substrates for skin and platelet thermolabile (TL PST), thermostable (TS PST) and MNX-ST activities, respectively. Biochemical properties of each skin enzyme were the same as the platelet enzymes with respect to apparent K(m) values for substrates, pH optima, thermal stabilities and responses to inhibition by 2,6-dichloro-4- nitrophenol (DCNP). An unexpected finding was that skin and platelet MNX-ST thermal stabilities and responses to DCNP were more similar to TL PST than to TS PST, the enzyme reported to be responsible for MNX-ST activity. There were significant positive correlations of platelet sulfotransferases with the relative levels of activities of the same skin sulfotransferases. Unexpected findings were significant positive correlations of MNX-ST and TL PST activities. Partially purified platelet TS PST assayed with minoxidil as the substrate showed a response to DCNP and thermal stability that were the same as TS PST. Platelet TL PST assayed with minoxidil showed thermal stability and a response to DCNP that were essentially the same as TL PST. The results indicated that not only TS PST, but also TL PST activities in human skin and platelet contributed to MNX-ST activity. It will be feasible to test whether measures of platelet PST activities will predict physiologic responses to minoxidil.

AB - Human scalp skin high speed supernatants were used to test whether minoxidil sulfotransferase (MNX-ST) and phenol sulfotransferase (PST) activities were present. Platelet homogenates from the same skin donors were used to test whether levels of sulfotransferase activities in the blood platelet would reflect levels of the enzyme activities in skin, Dopamine, p- nitrophenol and minoxidil were used as substrates for skin and platelet thermolabile (TL PST), thermostable (TS PST) and MNX-ST activities, respectively. Biochemical properties of each skin enzyme were the same as the platelet enzymes with respect to apparent K(m) values for substrates, pH optima, thermal stabilities and responses to inhibition by 2,6-dichloro-4- nitrophenol (DCNP). An unexpected finding was that skin and platelet MNX-ST thermal stabilities and responses to DCNP were more similar to TL PST than to TS PST, the enzyme reported to be responsible for MNX-ST activity. There were significant positive correlations of platelet sulfotransferases with the relative levels of activities of the same skin sulfotransferases. Unexpected findings were significant positive correlations of MNX-ST and TL PST activities. Partially purified platelet TS PST assayed with minoxidil as the substrate showed a response to DCNP and thermal stability that were the same as TS PST. Platelet TL PST assayed with minoxidil showed thermal stability and a response to DCNP that were essentially the same as TL PST. The results indicated that not only TS PST, but also TL PST activities in human skin and platelet contributed to MNX-ST activity. It will be feasible to test whether measures of platelet PST activities will predict physiologic responses to minoxidil.

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