Background and Aims: Use of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) has been reported in direct endoscopic necrosectomy (DEN) of pancreatic walled-off necrosis (WON). The aim of this meta-analysis was to study the pooled clinical outcomes of H2O2-assisted DEN of pancreatic WON. Methods: We conducted a comprehensive search of several databases (inception to July 2021) to identify studies reporting on the use of H2O2 in DEN of WON. A random-effects model was used to calculate pooled rates and I2 values, and 95% prediction intervals were used to assess heterogeneity. The outcomes studied were technical success, clinical success, and adverse events in H2O2-assisted DEN of pancreatic WON. Results: In 7 analyzed studies, 186 patients underwent H2O2-assisted DEN of WON. The pooled rate of technical success was 95.8% (95% confidence interval [CI], 88.5-98.5), clinical success was 91.6% (95% CI, 86.1-95), and cumulative rate of overall adverse events was 19.3% (95% CI, 7.6-41). The pooled rate of bleeding was 7.9% (95% CI, 2.4-22.7), stent migration was 11.3% (95% CI, 4.9-23.9), perforation 5.4% (95% CI, 1.7-15.7), infection 5.7% (95% CI, 2-15.1), and pulmonary adverse event 2.9% (95% CI, 1.3-6.1). Mean treatment sessions ranged from 2 to 5. Conclusions: H2O2-assisted DEN of WON demonstrated excellent clinical outcomes, with minimal heterogeneity. No adverse events attributable to H2O2 were reported. Future controlled studies are warranted comparing the clinical outcomes with and without H2O2 before H2O2 use can be established in DEN of pancreatic WON.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging