Potassium is maintained within a relatively narrow range of 3.5-5 mEq/l in the blood and extracellular space. The primary intracellular electrolyte, potassium produces a high osmotic pressure to maintain cell volume. Potassium is essential for maintaining a normal cell resting membrane potential and for generating and propagating action potentials in excitable tissues. Potassium imbalances are responsible for the most common electrolyte-induced alterations in nerve and muscle cell ....
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)