Immunoprecipitation of muscarinic receptors from mouse parotid membranes by specific subtype antisera showed that M3 and M1 receptors represented 75 and 15% of the total number of precipitable receptors, respectively. [N- methyl-3H]methylscopolamine (NMS) labeled a single class of high-affinity binding sites in membranes from parotid glands with a dissociation constant of 0.67 ± 0.02 nM and a maximum binding capacity of 176 ± 15 fmol/mg protein. Competition curves for NMS, atropine, 4-diphenylacetoxy-N- methylpiperidine methiodide (4-DAMP) and para-fluoro-hexahydro-sila-difenidol fit best to a one-site binding model, whereas pirenzepine and methoctramine fit best to a two-site binding model, indicating 76-90% M3 receptors. Results from the use of pirenzepine indicated that the second mouse parotid receptor subtype, unlike that of the submandibular gland, has atypical characteristics for an M1 receptor. The rank order of potency of muscarinic antagonists in inhibiting phosphoinositide turnover and biphasic effects of carbachol on isoproterenol-stimulated adenosine 3',5'cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) accumulation was atropine ≤ 4-DAMP >> pirenzepine > AF-DX 116. A specific M1 antagonist, m1-toxin, had no effect on carbachol augmentation or inhibition of isoproterenol responses. Results suggest that M3 receptors couple to both augmentation and inhibition of stimulated cAMP levels.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cell Biology