This article provides an overview of the biological function of a recently discovered cytokine, IL-37, formerly referred to as IL-1F7, and its role in chronic inflammation and autoimmune disease. Much has been discovered about IL-37 in the past decade, including its ability to down-regulate systemic and local inflammation by lowering levels of pro-inflammatory molecules. Here, we critically review the published reports. Future research is necessary to understand the receptor-dependent effects of IL-37, its intracellular and extracellular functions in both normal and diseased states and its potential role as a biomarker and pharmacological target in human disease.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy