Background: Acquired thrombocytopenia (aTP) is associated with a high frequency of bleeding and ischemic complications in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Herein, we report a meta-analysis evaluating the adverse effects of aTP on cardiovascular outcomes and mortality post-PCI. Methods: A literature search was performed using PubMed, Embase, Cochrane and, clinicaltrials.gov from the inception of these databases through October 2019. Patients were divided into two groups: 1) No Thrombocytopenia (nTP) and 2) Acquired Thrombocytopenia (aTP) after PCI. Primary endpoints were in-hospital, 30-day and all-cause mortality rates at the longest follow-up. The main summary estimate was random effects Risk ratio (RR) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Results: Seven studies involving 57,247 participants were included. There was significantly increased in-hospital all-cause mortality (HR 10.73 [6.82–16.88]), MACE (HR 2.96 [2.24–3.94]), major bleeding (HR 4.78 [3.54–6.47]), and target vessel revascularization (TVR) (HR 7.53 [2.8–20.2]), in the aTP group compared to the nTP group. Similarly, aTP group had a statistically significant increased incidence of 30-day all-cause mortality (HR 6.08), MACE (HR 2.77), post-PCI MI (HR 1.98), TVR (HR 5.2), and major bleeding (HR 12.73). Outcomes at longest follow-up showed increased incidence of all-cause mortality (HR 3.98 [1.53–10.33]) and MACE (HR 1.24 [0.99–1.54]) in aTP group, while there was no significant difference for post-PCI MI (HR 0.94 [0.37–2.39]) and TVR (HR 0.96 [0.69–1.32]) between both groups. Conclusions: Acquired Thrombocytopenia after PCI is associated with increased morbidity, mortality, adverse bleeding events and the need for in-hospital and 30-day TVR.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine