Impact of Anaerobic Growth Conditions on Toxic Shock Syndrome Toxin-1 Production by Staphylococcus aureus

Max Lungren, Pongsakdi Ghaisilwattana, Floyd G. Knoop, Gilles R.G. Monif

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: The impact of anaerobic growth conditions on the Staphylococcus aureus toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 (TSST-1) production was studied. Methods: Ten strains of S. aureus derived from patients with toxic shock syndrome (TSS), 10 isolates of S. aureus, and documented TSST-1-producing strains recovered from patients with either staphylococcal septicemia or staphylococcal nongenital abscesses were grown under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. The bacterial growth was measured using optical density (OD) determinations at 520 nm. The toxin production was assayed using the TS-RPLA latex agglutination test. Results: Both TSS and non-TSS strains of S. aureus grown under aerobic and anaerobic conditions exhibited comparable OD patterns of growth, and the levels of toxin production remained constant during the logarithmic phase. Toxin titers developed during the logarithmic growth phase and peaked after 24 h of incubation. When stationary-phase isolates grown initially under aerobic conditions were subjected to strict anaerobic conditions, subsequent toxin titers, compared with isolates grown in the continued presence of oxygen, were depressed 2-fold, peaking at a later time. Conclusions: TSST-1 production is diminished under continued anaerobic conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)232-238
Number of pages7
JournalInfectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dermatology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Infectious Diseases


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