Impact of community-based dental education on attainment of ADEA competencies: Students' self-ratings

Kimberly K. McFarland, Preethy Nayar, Diptee Ojha, Aastha Chandak, Niodita Gupta, Brian Lange

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fourth-year dental students at the College of Dentistry, University of Nebraska Medical Center participate in a community-based dental education (CBDE) program that includes a four-week rotation in rural dental practices and community health clinics across Nebraska and nearby states. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of participation in the CBDE program on the self-rated competencies of these students. A retrospective survey was administered to students who participated in extramural rotations in two academic years. The survey collected demographic data and asked students to rate themselves on a scale from 1=not competent at all to 5=very competent on attainment of the American Dental Education Association (ADEA) Competencies for the New General Dentist for before and after the rotations. A total of 92 responses were obtained: 43 students for 2011-12 and 49 students for 2012-13 (95% response rate for each cohort). The results showed that the students' mean preprogram self-ratings ranged from 3.28 for the competency domain of Practice Management and Informatics to 3.93 for Professionalism. Their mean post-program self-ratings ranged from 3.76 for Practice Management and Informatics to 4.31 for Professionalism. The students showed a statistically significant increase in self-ratings for all six competency domains. The increase was greatest in the domain of Critical Thinking and least in Communication and Interpersonal Skills. Overall, these results suggest that the CBDE program was effective in improving the students' self-perceptions of competence in all six domains and support the idea that a competency-based evaluation of CBDE programs can provide valuable information to dental educators about program effectiveness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)670-676
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Dental Education
Volume80
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016

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American Dental Association
Dental Education
rating
Students
community
education
student
Informatics
Practice Management
Tooth
Dental Students
Program Evaluation
dentist
dentistry
Dentistry
Dentists
Self Concept
Mental Competency
management
self-image

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dentistry(all)
  • Education

Cite this

Impact of community-based dental education on attainment of ADEA competencies : Students' self-ratings. / McFarland, Kimberly K.; Nayar, Preethy; Ojha, Diptee; Chandak, Aastha; Gupta, Niodita; Lange, Brian.

In: Journal of Dental Education, Vol. 80, No. 6, 01.06.2016, p. 670-676.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

McFarland, Kimberly K. ; Nayar, Preethy ; Ojha, Diptee ; Chandak, Aastha ; Gupta, Niodita ; Lange, Brian. / Impact of community-based dental education on attainment of ADEA competencies : Students' self-ratings. In: Journal of Dental Education. 2016 ; Vol. 80, No. 6. pp. 670-676.
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