Impact of Food on the Bioavailability of Encainide

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Abstract

The bioavailability of drugs that undergo extensive presystemic hepatic metabolism may be increased by concomitant ingestion with food. The effect of food on the bioavailability of encainide, a class IC antiarrhythmic agent, was evaluated in 14 healthy subjects in this randomized crossover study. The subjects received encainide 35 mg every 8 hours for 7 days and were randomized to receive their test dose of encainide with food or after an overnight fast. Encainide area-under-the-concentration versus time curve (AUCs) were detectable in 3 of 14 subjects after fasting and in 7 of 14 after feeding. Although food increased the mean encainide AUC by more than threefold, this increase did not reach statistical significance because of the large number of subjects with indeterminate encainide AUCs. Food did significantly increase the AUC of O-demethyl-encainide (ODE), but not the AUC of methoxy-O-demethyl-encainide (MODE). Despite the increase in ODE AUC, no significant effect on the surface electrocardiogram 2 hours after dose administration could be detected. Food may increase the bioavailability of encainide and one of its active metabolites (ODE). The clinical relevance of this pharmacodynamic effect warrants further evaluation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)833-837
Number of pages5
JournalThe Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Volume32
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1992

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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