Impact of pharmacy counseling on compliance and effectiveness of combination lipid-lowering therapy in patients undergoing coronary artery revascularization: A randomized, controlled trial

Michele A. Faulkner, E. Chuma Wadibia, B. Daniel Lucas, Daniel E. Hilleman

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Abstract

This randomized, controlled trial evaluated the impact of personalized follow-up on compliance rates in high-risk patients receiving combination lipid-lowering therapy over 2 years. A random sample of 30 patients 7-30 days after cardiac surgery had baseline fasting low-density lipoprotein levels higher than 130 mg/dl. All patients received lovastatin 20 mg/day and colestipol 5 g twice/day. Weekly telephone contact was made with each patient for 12 weeks. Short- and long-term compliance was assessed by pill and packet counts and refill records. Compliance and lipid profile results were significantly better in the intervention group (p <0.05) up to 2 years after the start of therapy than in the control group for all parameters except high-density lipoprotein. However, this effect was not apparent during the first 12 weeks of therapy. Short-term telephone follow-up favorably affected compliance and lipid profile results up to 2 years after start of therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)410-416
Number of pages7
JournalPharmacotherapy
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology (medical)

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