G17-Gly has been shown to stimulate the growth of DLD-1 human colon cancer cells in a biphasic manner via high and low affinity receptors. In the current study, the existence of heterogeneous receptor populations for G17-Gly on the HT-29 human colon cancer cell line was investigated. The effect of either N- or C-terminal peptide truncation on receptor binding and cell growth stimulation was also explored. [Leu15]G17-Gly bound to both high (nM) and low (μM) affinity sites on HT-29 cells. The peptide stimulated cell growth in a dose-dependent and biphasic manner with maximal stimulation at 10-9 M peptide concentration, suggesting that, as in the case of DLD-1 cells, it is the high affinity receptor which is responsible for the growth-promoting effects. In contrast, G17(1-12) stimulated the growth of HT-29 cells in a sigmoidal fashion with an EC50 of 4.6 × 10-9 M. Sequential N-terminal truncation of [Leu15]G17-Gly results in decreased binding to the high affinity G17-Gly receptor on DLD-1 cells. [Leu15]G17(11-17)Gly bound to the low affinity G17-Gly receptor with an affinity similar to that of the full sequence peptide but was unable to displace the radioligand from high affinity sites. G17(1-6)-NH2 was unable to displace [3H]G17-Gly from either site. These results suggest that the important residues for binding to the low affinity receptor are in the C-terminal region of the peptide while those required for interaction with the high affinity receptor lie further towards the N-terminus.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience