Steric and electrostatic requirements at position 6 of [Nle10]NKA(4- 10), a full agonist of NK-2 receptors, for molecular recognition by the receptor were studied. Two series of peptide analogues, (a) p-substituted analogues, [p-X-Phe6,Nle10]NKA(4-10), where X = F, Cl, Br, I, NH2, NO2, and (b) [D-Phe6,Nle10]NKA(4-10), [Trp6,Nle10]NKA(4-10), and [Chex- Ala6,Nle10]NKA(4-10), were synthesized, and their biological activity was examined. Competition binding experiments with [3H]NKA were performed using cloned human NK-2 receptors expressed in CHO cells. Antagonistic and agonistic properties of the analogues were studied using an in vitro functional assay with hamster tracheal rings. The rank order of potency of agonists was [Nle10]NKA(4-10) ≃ [p-F-Phe6,Nle10]NKA(4-10) > [p-NH2- Phe6,Nle10]NKA(4-10) > [p-Cl-Phe6,Nle10]NKA(4-10) > [p-NO2- Phe6,Nle10]NKA(4-10) > [Trp6,Nle10]NKA(4-10). Size and planarity of the aromatic side chain were crucially important for the biological activity, whereas electrondonating and electron-withdrawing properties of the para- substituent were less important. The results favor the hypothesis that weakly polar π-π interactions exist between the aromatic group and the receptor.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Drug Discovery