In the eyes of the beholder: Transformational leadership, positive psychological capital, and performance

Janaki Gooty, Mark Gavin, Mark Gavin, Michael Lance Frazier, Bradley D. Snow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

124 Scopus citations


This article develops and tests a conceptual model of followers' perceptions of transformational leadership as an antecedent to their positive psychological capital - a higher-order construct that represents an individual's motivational propensity and perseverance toward goals. Positive psychological capital, in turn, has in-role performance and organizational citizenship behavior as consequences. Structural equation modeling results support the relationship between followers' perceptions of transformational leadership and positive psychological capital, as well as the relationship between positive psychological capital and each performance outcome. Implications of these results are discussed regarding the literatures of transformational leadership and positive organizational behavior.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)353-367
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Leadership and Organizational Studies
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Business and International Management
  • Strategy and Management
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Management Science and Operations Research

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