In vitro and in vivo activities of hpi1, a selective antimicrobial against helicobacter pylori

Ekaterina Gavrish, Binu Shrestha, Chao Chen, Ida Lister, E. Jeffrey North, Lei Yang, Richard E. Lee, Angel Han, Bronwyn Williams, David Charnuska, Ken Coleman, Kim Lewis, Michael D. LaFleura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

A high-throughput screen (HTS) was performed to identify molecules specifically active against Helicobacter pylori, the causative agent of peptic ulcer and gastric carcinoma. Currently, treatment of H. pylori infection is suboptimal, with failure rates approaching 25%, despite triple therapy with two broad-spectrum antibiotics and a proton pump inhibitor or quadruple therapy with added bismuth. The HTS was performed in 384-well plates, and reduction of the metabolic indicator resazurin was used as a reporter for cell growth. Diverse molecules from commercial sources were identified as hits, and in vitro validations included measurements of MIC and time-dependent killing as well as anaerobic susceptibility testing against a panel of gut microbes. In vivo validation included testing in the mouse model of H. pylori infection. The small molecule HPi1 (3-hydrazinoquinoxaline-2- thiol) had excellent potency, with an MIC of 0.08 to 0.16 g/ml and good selectivity for H. pylori compared to a panel of commensal bacteria. HPi1 was also effective in a mouse model of H. pylori infection, reducing colony counts to below the limit of detection after oral dosing of 25 mg/kg/day for 3 days. HPi1 is a promising lead in the search for more effective and specific H. pylori therapeutics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3255-3260
Number of pages6
JournalAntimicrobial agents and chemotherapy
Volume58
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2014
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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    Gavrish, E., Shrestha, B., Chen, C., Lister, I., North, E. J., Yang, L., Lee, R. E., Han, A., Williams, B., Charnuska, D., Coleman, K., Lewis, K., & LaFleura, M. D. (2014). In vitro and in vivo activities of hpi1, a selective antimicrobial against helicobacter pylori. Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 58(6), 3255-3260. https://doi.org/10.1128/AAC.02573-13