Smaller individual series on the outcome of laparoscopic hernioplasty techniques have been reported. This study reports on the complications of 3,229 laparoscopic hernia repairs performed by the authors in 2,559 patients. The TAPP (transabdominal preperitoneal) technique was the most frequently performed: 1,944 (60%). The totally preperitoneal technique was performed 578 (18%) times. The IPOM (intraperitoneal onlay mesh) repair was performed 345 (11%) times. The plug-and-patch technique was used 286 (9%) times and simple closure of the hernia defect without mesh was used in 76 (2%) repairs. Overall, there were 336 (10%) complications: 17 (0.5%) major and 265 (8%) minor. There were 54 (1.6%) recurrences, with a mean follow-up of 22 months. The TAPP technique had 19 (1%) recurrences and 141 (7%) complications. There were four bowel obstructions in this subgroup from herniation of small bowel through the peritoneal closure and trocar sites. The totally preperitoneal technique had no recurrence and 60 (10%) complications. The IPOM group had 7 (2%) recurrences and 47 (14%) complications. The plug-and-patch technique had 26 (9%) recurrences and 24 (8%) complications. The simple closure of the internal ring had 2 (3%) recurrences and 10 (13%) complications. Laparoscopic hernioplasty is not without complications. Training, experience, and attention to technique will prevent some of these complications.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes