Study Objective. To examine the impact of individualized pharmacokinetic monitoring (IPM) on the development of aminoglycoside-associated nephrotoxicity (AAN). Design. Retrospective case-control study. Setting. Two teaching hospitals. Subjects. Two thousand four hundred five patients who received aminoglycosides. Intervention. Aminoglycoside therapy dosed by either IPM or physicians' directions. Measurements and Main Results. Patients receiving IPM were significantly less likely to develop AAN by both univariate (7.9% vs 13.2%, p=0.02) and multivariate methods (odds ratio 0.42, p=0.002). Female sex was protective against AAN. Age 50 years and above, high initial aminoglycoside trough, long duration of therapy, and concurrent piperacillin, clindamycin, or vancomycin increased risk of AAN. We estimated that IPM decreased AAN costs by $90,995/100 patients. Conclusion. Individualized pharmacokinetic monitoring significantly decreased the frequency of AAN and its associated economic costs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmacology (medical)