Objective: This study investigated the influence of thermal stress on the simulated localized and generalized wear of nanofilled resin composites. Methods: Six nanofilled resin composites were evaluated and then subjected to a wear challenge of 400,000 cycles in a Leinfelder-Suzuki (Alabama) wear simulation device after 24 hours of water storage (24-hour group) and 24 hours of water storage and 10,000 thermal cycles (TC group). Simulated localized wear was generated using a stainless-steel ball bearing, and simulated generalized wear was generated using a flat-ended stainless-steel cylinder. Wear testing was accomplished in a water slurry of polymethyl methacrylate beads. Simulated localized and generalized wear was determined using a noncontact profilometer (Proscan 2100) in conjunction with Proscan and AnSur 3D software. Results: Wear was significantly different (p,<0.05) among the resin composites for both simulated localized and generalized wear of either the 24-hour group or the TC group. The simulated localized wear of the TC group was significantly greater than that of the 24-hour group; however, the simulated generalized wear of most of the resin composites of the TC group was not significantly different from that of the 24-hour group. Conclusion: The simulated localized and generalized wear of nanofilled resin composites is material dependent. The simulated localized wear of nanofilled resin composites appears to be influenced by thermal stress, whereas this effect is not as apparent in simulated generalized wear testing.
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