Information Sources and Attitudes Toward COVID-19 Vaccination at a Free Clinic in the State of Nebraska, USA

Elle Nuttall, Sarah Ives, Anna White, Kiara Gallagher, Rosemary Pynes, Ryan W. Walters, Meera Varman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The full impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic are yet to be determined. While highly effective vaccines are available to prevent and decrease the severity of COVID-19 infection, significant COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy remains. Understanding motivations, discouraging factors, opinions, and information sources regarding COVID-19 is essential to targeting vaccine hesitancy and improving vaccine uptake. A 25 question survey was administered to the patients of a free clinic in the Midwest to assess patient demographic data, opinions about and experience with COVID-19, the COVID-19 vaccines, and information sources. The main outcome of interest was if vaccination status influenced information sources and opinions regarding COVID-19. This study also analyzed motivating and discouraging factors for vaccination. The study had a total of 104 participants with 7 being excluded. There were a total of 97 survey responses included in this study, there were 79 vaccinated patients and 18 unvaccinated patients. This survey study found differences in information sources between vaccinated and unvaccinated groups. Opinions surrounding the COVID-19 vaccine, public health agencies, and perceived severity of COVID-19 also varied between vaccinated and unvaccinated groups. The differential information sources and opinions between vaccinated and unvaccinated groups emphasizes the importance of access to high-quality sources and educating the community to improve public health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Community Health
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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