Using a clinically relevant regimen, this study investigated the effects of treatment with ibandronate, a highly potent nitrogen-containing bisphosphonate, on bone loss, biochemical markers of bone turnover, densitometry, histomorphometry, biomechanical properties, and bone concentration in aged ovariectomized monkeys. Sixty-six female cynomolgus monkeys, aged 9 years and older, were ovariectomized (OVX) or sham operated. Intravenous (iv) bolus injections of ibandronate at 10, 30, or 150 μg/kg or placebo were administered at 30-day intervals (corresponding to intervals of 3 months in humans), starting at OVX, for 16 months. OVX significantly decreased bone mass at the lumbar spine, proximal femur, femoral neck, and radius and increased bone turnover in a time-dependent manner, as assessed by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry, peripheral quantitative computed tomography, or histomorphometry. Ibandronate iv bolus injections administered at 30 μg/kg every 30 days prevented osteopenia induced by estrogen depletion. OVX-induced increases in bone turnover (as determined by activation frequency, bone formation rate, and biochemical markers of bone turnover, including urinary N-telopeptide and deoxypyridinoline excretion and serum values for osteocalcin and bone-specific alkaline phosphatase) were suppressed on treatment, and bone mass, architecture, and strength were preserved at clinically relevant sites. Treatment with high-dose (150 μg/kg/dose) iv bolus injections of ibandronate further increased bone mass and improved bone strength at both the spine and femoral neck, without adversely affecting bone quality. In contrast, treatment with a 10 μg/kg/dose only partially prevented the OVX-induced effects. These data support the potential for the long-term administration of ibandronate by intermittent iv bolus injections in humans to prevent osteoporosis and improve bone quality at clinically relevant sites.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism