The decapeptide Leu-Val-Val-Tyr-Pro-Trp-Thr-Gln-Arg-Phe was isolated in high yield (1.5 nmol/ml) from bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid from a patient with an adenocarcinoma of the lung. This peptide, termed LVV- hemorphin-7 represents residues 32-41 of the β-chain of hemoglobin and has been shown to be an endogenous ligand for opioid receptors. The N-terminal flanking peptide of LVV-hemorphin-7 [residues (1-31) of hemoglobin β-chain] was also isolated in high yield. Neither peptide was detected in BAL fluid from the tumor-free lung of the same patient or from patients with non- neoplastic inflammatory lung disease. LVV-hemorphin-7 was not identified in BAL fluid from seven additional patients with non-small cell lung cancer, indicating that the formation of the peptide is unlikely to be of any diagnostic significance. However, the ability of LVV-hemorphin-7 to inhibit angiotensin-converting enzyme suggests that its formation may be of pathophysiological significance in the regulation of tumor blood flow in certain patients. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience