Job satisfaction of neonatal intensive care nurses

Katie McDonald, Lori Baas Rubarth, Linda J. Miers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe the job satisfaction of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) nurses in the Midwestern United States. The factors explored in job satisfaction were monetary compensation (pay), job stress, caring for patients in stressful situations, level of autonomy, organizational support, level of knowledge of the specialty, work environment, staffing levels, communication with physicians, communication with neonatal nurse practitioners, interdisciplinary communication, team spirit, and the amount of required "floating" to other nursing units. SUBJECTS: Participants were 109 NICU nurses working as either staff nurses (n = 72) or advanced practice nurses (n = 37). Of the participants, 96% worked in a level 3 NICU. DESIGN: A descriptive, correlational design was used to study job satisfaction among NICU nurses. METHODS: Nurses were recruited at 2 regional NICU conferences in 2009 and 2010. The questionnaire was a researcherdeveloped survey consisting of 14 questions in a Likert-type response rating 1 to 5, with an area for comments. Descriptive statistics and correlations were used to analyze the resulting data. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The majority of participants were moderately satisfied overall in their current position and workplace (mean ranking = 4.07 out of 5.0). Kendall's Tau b (TB) revealed that the strongest positive correlations were between organizational support and team spirit with overall job satisfaction (TB = 0.53). RESULTS: The individual factors with the highest mean scores were caring for patients in a stressful situation, level of autonomy, and communication between nurses and neonatal nurse practitioners. This indicates that our population of NICU nurses feels most satisfied caring for patients in stressful situations (m = 4.48), are satisfied with their level of autonomy (M = 4.17), and are satisfied with the interdisciplinary communication in their units (m = 4.13). CONCLUSIONS: Nurses in the NICU are relatively satisfied with their jobs. The small sample size (n = 109) of Midwest NICU nurses proves to be a limitation for generalization. Additional research is needed to further evaluate nursing role, educational level, and job satisfaction in the NICU.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAdvances in Neonatal Care
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2012

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Neonatal Intensive Care
Job Satisfaction
Neonatal Intensive Care Units
Nurses
Interdisciplinary Communication
Nurse Practitioners
Communication
Nursing
Midwestern United States
Workplace
Sample Size
Physicians

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Job satisfaction of neonatal intensive care nurses. / McDonald, Katie; Rubarth, Lori Baas; Miers, Linda J.

In: Advances in Neonatal Care, Vol. 12, No. 4, 08.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

McDonald, Katie ; Rubarth, Lori Baas ; Miers, Linda J. / Job satisfaction of neonatal intensive care nurses. In: Advances in Neonatal Care. 2012 ; Vol. 12, No. 4.
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