As a consequence of the development of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the late 1980s, diagnostic and therapeutic laparoscopy has now become an integral part of the average general surgeon's practice. Many conventional operations have been successfully adapted for the laparoscopic approach. A laparoscopic operation is unquestionably the surgical procedure of choice for gastroesophageal reflux disease and removal of the gallbladder, spleen, or adrenal gland unless specific contraindications are present. However, the value of laparoscopic techniques for other operations remains controversial within the surgical community. Laparoscopic inguinal herniorrhaphy (LIH) is a case in point. Frequent reanalysis of the controversial procedures such as laparoscopic herniorrhaphy is especially important because videoscopic operations remain in their developmental stages and thus continue to evolve. With this in mind, the purpose of this review was to examine the current state of the art of laparoscopic inguinal herniorrhaphy in relationship to its conventional counterparts.
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