A simple, short, and rugged LC–MS/MS method for the simultaneous determination of tenofovir, emtricitabine, elvitegravir and rilpivirine was developed and validated. Dried blood spots were prepared with 25 μL of spiked whole blood. A 3 mm punch was extracted with methanol containing labeled internal standards. Ten microliters was injected into the LC–MS/MS using isocratic mobile phase composed of 0.1% formic acid in water and 0.1% formic acid in acetonitrile (45: 55 v/v) at a flow rate of 0.25 mL/min. The method was validated in the range of 10–2000 ng/mL for all four analytes. The intra-assay accuracy (RE) of the method was −4.73–4.78, 1.35–2.89, −8.89 to −0.49 and − 1.40–1.81 for tenofovir, emtricitabine, elvitegravir and rilpivirine, respectively. The inter-assay accuracy was within ±15% of nominal and precision (CV) was <15%. The hematocrit effect on quantification was nonsignificant at the tested hematocrit levels (35–70%). The dried blood spot method showed good agreement with the plasma method, and hence can be used as an alternative to plasma method.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Molecular Biology
- Drug Discovery
- Clinical Biochemistry