Light and laser treatment modalities for disseminated superficial actinic porokeratosis: a systematic review

Gregory A. Aird, Jenna L. Sitenga, Austin Huy Nguyen, Adam Vaudreuil, Christopher Huerter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Treatment of disseminated superficial actinic porokeratosis (DSAP) is poorly standardized. The present review seeks to comprehensively discuss the potential for laser and light modalities in the treatment of DSAP. A systematic review of light and laser treatment modalities was conducted to include 26 cases of patients with DSAP. Systematic review resulted in 14 articles to be included. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) overall was the least successful treatment modality, with clinical improvement seen in a minority of patients (MAL-PDT: N = 9 patients, 33.3% showed improvement; ALA-PDT: N = 3 patients, 0% improvement; hypericin-PDT: N = 2 patients, 0% improvement) after numerous post-procedural side effects of hyperpigmentation, inflammation, erythema, and discomfort. Overall, in the available reports, PDT demonstrates poor outcomes with greater incidence of side effects. The response rates of DSAP lesions treated with lasers were as follows: (Q-switched ruby lasers: N = 2, 100%; CO2 laser: N = 1, 100%; PDT and CO2 combination therapy: N = 2, 0–50%; erbium and neodymium YAG lasers: N = 2, 100%; fractional 1927-nm thulium fiber lasers: N = 2, 100%; Grenz rays: N = 1, 100%; and fractional photothermolysis: N = 2, 100%). The side effects of laser therapy were minimal and included mild erythema, slight hyperpigmentation, and moderate edema. Laser therapy is a promising treatment option for DSAP with an excellent side effect profile. However, higher power studies are required to determine optimal guidelines for laser treatment of DSAP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalLasers in Medical Science
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Feb 27 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Dermatology

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