This study reports the development of a binary drug delivery system consisting of charged liposomes and an oppositely charged peptide–photosensitiser conjugate. Liposomes were prepared with phosphatidyl-l-serine as a negatively charged lipid. Calcein, a fluorophore marker, and doxorubicin, an anticancer drug, were used as model hydrophilic loads. The conjugate consisted of a positively charged arginine-rich peptide synthesised by solid-phase peptide synthesis, and a phthalocyanine derivative with characteristic absorption around 685 nm. Illumination of the binary system with far-red light of 12–15 mW/cm2 intensity resulted in 5- to 15-fold increase in release of payloads from the liposomes. The mechanism of drug release was based on photosensitised oxidation of lipids destabilising the liposomal membrane. The cytotoxicity of the liposomes loaded with doxorubicin was tested on B16-F10 melanoma and Y79 retinoblastoma cells. The cytotoxicity of the illuminated binary system in melanoma cell line was significantly higher as compared to the system without illumination. The components of the binary system can be individually prepared and stored with greater storage stability. However, their combination will allow for substantial release of hydrophilic payload from the liposomes under externally applied light.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmaceutical Science