Masks and ritual performance on the island of Cyprus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The island of Cyprus is well known for its abundance of masks, which have been the subject of focused studies as well as broader investigations on Phoenician and Punic masks. Yet, there is no comprehensive and diachronic overview of this important corpus contextualized within its Cypriot setting. This article reevaluates the evidence for masking rituals in Late Bronze and Iron Age Cyprus through close analysis of archaeological contexts and use patterns to reconstruct masked performances. The evidence underscores the long tradition of masking on the island and reveals use patterns that allow a partial reconstruction of the social significance of masking ceremonies. At the end of the Bronze Age through the era of the autonomous city-kingdoms, masks likely functioned as symbolic objects used in constructing social identities and can be associated with restricted groups practicing rituals at key sanctuaries. Masking rituals flourished within the autonomous city-kingdoms and dramatically ended with the incorporation of Cyprus into the Ptolemaic kingdom.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-45
Number of pages43
JournalAmerican Journal of Archaeology
Volume119
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Fingerprint

Cyprus
religious behavior
performance
sanctuary
evidence
reconstruction
Masking
Ritual Performance
Mask
Group
Kingdom

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Archaeology
  • Archaeology

Cite this

Masks and ritual performance on the island of Cyprus. / Averett, Erin Walcek.

In: American Journal of Archaeology, Vol. 119, No. 1, 01.01.2015, p. 3-45.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{d64dc53cb13641adbdfab43727ed82d4,
title = "Masks and ritual performance on the island of Cyprus",
abstract = "The island of Cyprus is well known for its abundance of masks, which have been the subject of focused studies as well as broader investigations on Phoenician and Punic masks. Yet, there is no comprehensive and diachronic overview of this important corpus contextualized within its Cypriot setting. This article reevaluates the evidence for masking rituals in Late Bronze and Iron Age Cyprus through close analysis of archaeological contexts and use patterns to reconstruct masked performances. The evidence underscores the long tradition of masking on the island and reveals use patterns that allow a partial reconstruction of the social significance of masking ceremonies. At the end of the Bronze Age through the era of the autonomous city-kingdoms, masks likely functioned as symbolic objects used in constructing social identities and can be associated with restricted groups practicing rituals at key sanctuaries. Masking rituals flourished within the autonomous city-kingdoms and dramatically ended with the incorporation of Cyprus into the Ptolemaic kingdom.",
author = "Averett, {Erin Walcek}",
year = "2015",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3764/aja.119.1.0003",
language = "English",
volume = "119",
pages = "3--45",
journal = "American Journal of Archaeology",
issn = "0002-9114",
publisher = "Archaeological Institute of America",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Masks and ritual performance on the island of Cyprus

AU - Averett, Erin Walcek

PY - 2015/1/1

Y1 - 2015/1/1

N2 - The island of Cyprus is well known for its abundance of masks, which have been the subject of focused studies as well as broader investigations on Phoenician and Punic masks. Yet, there is no comprehensive and diachronic overview of this important corpus contextualized within its Cypriot setting. This article reevaluates the evidence for masking rituals in Late Bronze and Iron Age Cyprus through close analysis of archaeological contexts and use patterns to reconstruct masked performances. The evidence underscores the long tradition of masking on the island and reveals use patterns that allow a partial reconstruction of the social significance of masking ceremonies. At the end of the Bronze Age through the era of the autonomous city-kingdoms, masks likely functioned as symbolic objects used in constructing social identities and can be associated with restricted groups practicing rituals at key sanctuaries. Masking rituals flourished within the autonomous city-kingdoms and dramatically ended with the incorporation of Cyprus into the Ptolemaic kingdom.

AB - The island of Cyprus is well known for its abundance of masks, which have been the subject of focused studies as well as broader investigations on Phoenician and Punic masks. Yet, there is no comprehensive and diachronic overview of this important corpus contextualized within its Cypriot setting. This article reevaluates the evidence for masking rituals in Late Bronze and Iron Age Cyprus through close analysis of archaeological contexts and use patterns to reconstruct masked performances. The evidence underscores the long tradition of masking on the island and reveals use patterns that allow a partial reconstruction of the social significance of masking ceremonies. At the end of the Bronze Age through the era of the autonomous city-kingdoms, masks likely functioned as symbolic objects used in constructing social identities and can be associated with restricted groups practicing rituals at key sanctuaries. Masking rituals flourished within the autonomous city-kingdoms and dramatically ended with the incorporation of Cyprus into the Ptolemaic kingdom.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84919484105&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84919484105&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3764/aja.119.1.0003

DO - 10.3764/aja.119.1.0003

M3 - Article

VL - 119

SP - 3

EP - 45

JO - American Journal of Archaeology

JF - American Journal of Archaeology

SN - 0002-9114

IS - 1

ER -