Maturity-onset diabetes of the young due to a mutation in the hepatocyte nuclear factor-4α binding site in the promoter of the hepatocyte nuclear factor-1α gene

Claudia Gragnoli, Tom Lindner, Brian N. Cockburn, Pamela J. Kaisaki, Fabio Gragnoli, Gino Marozzi, Graeme I. Bell

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104 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent studies have shown that mutations in the transcription factor hepatocyte nuclear factor (HNF)-1α are the cause of one form of maturity- onset diabetes of the young (MODY3). These studies have identified mutations in the mRNA and protein coding regions of this gene that result in the synthesis of an abnormal mRNA or protein. Here, we report an Italian family in which an A→C substitution at nucleotide -58 of the promoter region of the HNF-1α gene cosegregates with MODY. This mutation is located in a highly conserved region of the promoter and disrupts the binding site for the transcription factor HNF-4α, mutations in the gene encoding HNF-4α being another cause of MODY (MODY1). This result demonstrates that decreased levels of HNF-1α per se can cause MODY. Moreover, it indicates that both the promoter and coding regions of the HNF-1α gene should be screened for mutations in subjects thought to have MODY because of mutations in this gene.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1648-1651
Number of pages4
JournalDiabetes
Volume46
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1997
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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