Measuring diffusion of assaults around bars through radius and adjacency techniques

Rebecca K. Murray, Dennis W. Roncek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The emergence of user-friendly Geographical Information Systems (GIS) has revitalized interest in the study of urban crime patterns. Among the avenues of research from this expansion of interest is the study of diffusion of crime within neighborhoods or around urban structures. As with any new technology, initial use often focuses on the tasks and methods of the technology, with little discussion of the appropriateness of such use. This is evidenced in the diverse methodologies employed in measuring diffusion and lack of standardized method in this area. What is more, little research has demonstrated a comprehensive comparison of methods. The difference in employing two methods-radial buffers and adjacent blocks-to determine the number of assaults occurring in the area bordering or adjacent to bars in Omaha, Nebraska is investigated. Results indicate that the particular method used to identify diffusion effects could dictate substantially disparate findings. Implications of this comparison are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-220
Number of pages22
JournalCriminal Justice Review
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2008

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assault
offense
comparison of methods
urban structure
Geographical Information System
new technology
lack
methodology

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Law

Cite this

Measuring diffusion of assaults around bars through radius and adjacency techniques. / Murray, Rebecca K.; Roncek, Dennis W.

In: Criminal Justice Review, Vol. 33, No. 2, 06.2008, p. 199-220.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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