Mercaptoammonium-monolayer-protected, water-soluble gold, silver, and palladium clusters

David E. Cliffel, Francis P. Zamborini, Stephen M. Gross, Royce W. Murray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

181 Scopus citations


This paper describes gold, silver, and palladium nanoparticles coated with monolayers of trimethyl-(mercaptoundecyl)ammonium ligands. The monolayer-protected clusters (MPCs) are synthesized in aqueous medium and are water soluble. In dry films, their highly charged surfaces inhibit the interdigitation of monolayer chains known (transmission electron microscopy) in dry films of alkanethiolate-coated nanoparticles. UV-vis spectra exhibit surface plasmon bands for Au and Ag MPCs at the expected wavelengths but none for Pd clusters. Thermogravimetric and transmission electron microscopy results suggest that Au and Ag nanoparticles readily aggregate through ionic association of the terminal ammonium groups but without metallic core fusion between particles. Two-component multilayers of MPCs can be affixed to surfaces by alternating exposure to anionic, mixed-monolayer hexanethiolate-mercaptoundecanoic acid MPCs and cationic Au ammonium-MPCs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9699-9702
Number of pages4
Issue number25
StatePublished - Dec 12 2000
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry


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