Meta-Analysis Comparing Valve-in-Valve Transcatheter Mitral Valve Replacement Versus Redo Surgical Mitral Valve Replacement in Degenerated Bioprosthetic Mitral Valve

Mahmoud Ismayl, Muhannad Aboud Abbasi, Mostafa Reda Mostafa, Ahmed Aboeata, Amit N. Vora, Itsik Ben-Dor, Nandan S. Anavekar, Andrew M. Goldsweig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Valve-in-valve transcatheter mitral valve replacement (ViV-TMVR) and redo surgical mitral valve replacement (redo-SMVR) are 2 treatment strategies for patients with bioprosthetic mitral valve dysfunction. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the outcomes of ViV-TMVR versus redo-SMVR. We searched PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane, and Google Scholar for studies comparing outcomes of ViV-TMVR versus redo-SMVR in degenerated bioprosthetic mitral valves. We used a random-effects model to calculate odd ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Outcomes included in-hospital, 30-day, 1-year, and 2-year mortality, stroke, bleeding, acute kidney injury, arrhythmias, permanent pacemaker insertion, and hospital length of stay (LOS). A total of 6 observational studies with 707 subjects were included. The median follow-up was 2.7 years. Despite their older age and greater co-morbidity burden, patients who underwent ViV-TMVR had a similar in-hospital mortality (OR 0.52, 95% CI 0.22 to 1.23, p = 0.14), 30-day mortality (OR 0.65, 95% CI 0.36 to 1.17, p = 0.15), 1-year mortality (OR 0.97, 95% CI 0.63 to 1.49, p = 0.89), and 2-year mortality (OR 1.17, 95% CI 0.65 to 2.13, p = 0.60) compared with redo-SMVR. ViV-TMVR was associated with significantly lower periprocedural complications, including stroke, bleeding, acute kidney injury, arrhythmias, and permanent pacemaker insertion, and shorter hospital LOS than redo-SMVR. In conclusion, ViV-TMVR was associated with better outcomes than redo-SMVR in patients with degenerated bioprosthetic mitral valves, including lower complication rates and shorter hospital LOS, with no significant difference in mortality rates. Large-scale randomized trials are needed to mitigate biases and confirm our findings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)98-107
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume189
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Meta-Analysis Comparing Valve-in-Valve Transcatheter Mitral Valve Replacement Versus Redo Surgical Mitral Valve Replacement in Degenerated Bioprosthetic Mitral Valve'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this